After age 3, your child wants to spend at least part of the time on his own two feet. As he gets closer to 4, he'll want to be even more mobile as he
develops into an explorer on family outings. Even as you rejoice in becoming equipment-free, you'll want to acquire as much knowledge as possible to
protect your little adventurer.
So whether you're setting off on a camping or fishing trip a long way from home or going for a hike in a local park, you and your kids should know what to do if they or you get lost or separated from each other. You should also know something about
conserving energy and protecting skin. The things children learn on these outings should prepare them for a life of outdoor fun and adventure.
The following nine easy precautions will help keep your outdoor excursions safe.
Even on cloudy days the sun's rays can burn. Winter excursions are just as bad as summer outings for the face and other exposed skin. Always smooth on a
layer of broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 15 to 30 or higher before you start out and reapply after two hours. Have kids over 3 try to do it
themselves to start learning the habit, but make sure an adult checks for full coverage.
Hats are much more than decoration. In winter we lose a lot of body heat from an exposed head; in summer we gain heat this way. This rule applies even more
so to kids because of their relatively large head size compared to their body size. Scalp sunburn is painful and dangerous, and being too cold
(hypothermia) or too warm (hyperthermia) is easier to avoid when heads are covered.
Bring lots of water, and have your kids drink lots of it. You'll avoid the fatigue and dehydration that drinking too little water brings. Slow-moving,
irritable kids are often thirsty. As soon as they are 3, they should carry a quart of water themselves in a backpack and take drinks often.
Kids need refueling at least every two hours. Even if you plan to be out only a short time, pack food for unexpected delays. It’s a good habit to develop.
What's black, plastic, and has a hole cut in the bottom? A garbage bag shelter. Don't leave home without putting one into your child's backpack. This
humble item will protect her from water and cold if she gets lost and has to remain outside. Show her how the garbage bag makes a magic cape to use only if
she is wet and cold or lost. This is not for make-believe; this is your child's emergency shelter.
Here's the four-step procedure to teach your preschooler:
After removing your hat, put the open end of the bag over your head like you put on a shirt or sweater.
Find the hole that was made in the bottom and poke your head through.
Put your hat back on.
Huddle underneath, tucking the bag around you.
Blow That Whistle.
Put a whistle on a long cord around your child's neck, and tuck it inside his clothes so it won't get caught on anything. Teach him to blow it only if he
is lost. Again, emphasize to your child (without scaring him) that this isn't a game. Develop a signal (one short whistle, one long one, for example) to
call everyone together at a designated meeting area. Don't count on kids under 5 to remember that place, but go through the routine all the same;
eventually they will remember, and in the meantime it sets up good habits.
Dress for Success.
Wear long pants and high boots if critter bites, underbrush scratches, and poison ivy are a possibility. Use insect repellent, and check clothing for ticks
at the end of an outing in the woods or fields.
Leader of the Pack.
Make your child the leader of the hike. She'll be proud, and you'll be able to keep your eye on her. Teach your leader to keep checking back on her
followers to be sure that everyone stays together.
Hug a Tree.
This isn't philosophy or ecology — it's safety. Teach kids to literally hug a tree if they are lost. Tell them to find the loneliest tree around and then
go hug it. And keep on hugging it. Kids are easier to find when they stay put.